The Quinoa crop is grown as a grain, and America is said to be the birthplace of Quinoa. However, it was first produced in South America. In India, it is also called Quinoa, Kineva and Kinva, apart from Quinoa. The seeds obtained from its crop are tiny in size and are used in food in many ways. Many types of nutrients are present in quinoa seeds. For example, it is consumed, giving many benefits for cancer, anaemia, heart attack, and respiratory diseases.
The fully developed plant of Quinoa is 4 to 6 feet tall. These seeds are produced on the upper part of these plants. The species of its plants belong to the Bathua category. Therefore, its cultivation can earn good money in less time. Moreover, New Holland 3630 tractor model is another suitable tractor for farmers.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
Quinoa can be easily cultivated in any type of soil. Its crop does not require any particular soil, but the land must have good drainage. P.H. of the land in its cultivation. The value should be expected. The climate of India is quite suitable for the cultivation of quinoa. In India, quinoa is grown along with the rabi crop.
The winter season is considered appropriate for its crop. Its plants easily tolerate the frost that falls in winter. Its farming can be done quickly, even in the rainy season. Initially, its seeds require a temperature of 20 degrees to germinate. Its origins can tolerate only a maximum temperature of 35 degrees.
To prepare the quinoa field, the field is first deeply ploughed with a soil-turning plough. After this, the area is left open like this for some time. After this, 10 to 12 carts of old cow dung manure have to be given as organic fertilizer in the field. Then, two to three oblique ploughing should be done through the cultivator to mix the waste in the area. Due to this, cow dung manure mixes well in the field’s soil.
After this, apply water in the field and the plough. After this, ploughing is done using a rotavator when the area’s land starts appearing dry from above. After pulverizing the area’s ground, make it level by placing a plank in the field. At this time, there is no problem with water logging in the field. If you want to use chemical fertilizers in the area, you need a bag of D.A.P. The quantity of spraying has to be done in a one-hectare field.
Transplanting of quinoa seeds is done in the field by drill method. For this, rows are prepared in the area. While preparing these lines, a distance of one foot is kept between each line. After this, seeds are sown in rows keeping a distance of 15 cm. Apart from this, planting of its origins can also be done by spraying methods. In the sprinkling method, more seeds are not required for planting seeds. According to the climate of India, the months of October to February are considered suitable for planting its seeds. Apart from this, its origins can also be grown well in the rainy season.
Quinoa plants do not require much irrigation. Its plants tolerate dry weather easily. Quinoa crop gets ready after three to four irrigations. Initial irrigation of its plants is done after seed planting. Subsequent irrigations are given during plant growth and seed germination.
Natural methods are used for weed control in quinoa plantations. The first wedding of its plants is done after 20 days of seed planting. After that, its plants require a maximum of two weddings only. Moreover, the Powertrac Euro 60 tractor model is appropriate for handling agricultural attachments.
Quinoa is such a plant in which the taste of the leaves coming out is very bitter. Because of this, very few diseases are seen in its plants, but rot disease is seen in its plants. This rot disease is often seen in plants in the condition of waterlogging. Therefore, to avoid this disease, do not let the problem of waterlogging in the field.
Quinoa plants take 100 days to mature. Their plants are harvested three months after planting the seeds as a mustard crop. The seed part is cut from its plants and separated from it. After harvesting, its seed part is dried well in the sun. Afterwards, the seeds are removed from these dried plants through a thresher. These extracted grains are also dried well in the sun and sold to the market. About 50 quintals are produced in one hectare of land.